1762: George IV, King of England, eldest son of the insane George III, was born.
1887: Thomas Edison made the first sound recording when he recited Mary Had A Little Lamb which was recorded on to a foil-wrapped cylinder on the Edisonphone.
1908: The first Model T Ford, affectionately known as the ’’Tin Lizzie’’, came off the production line, replacing the Model A.
1944: PLUTO, the ’’pipeline under the ocean’’, began operating, transporting fuel from England to Allied troops in France.
1964: Ian Fleming, bestselling author and creator of James Bond, died.
1982: Mexico announced that it was unable to pay its enormous external debt, marking the beginning of a debt crisis that spread across Latin America.
1990: The largest and most complete Tyrannosaurus Rex skeleton was discovered in South Dakota.
2012: The Summer Olympics closing ceremony took place in London, which completed the games.
2014: Hollywood actress Lauren Bacall died in her home at the age of 89.
ON THIS DAY LAST YEAR: Tourists were warned to ’’exercise extreme caution’’ in Thailand after a wave of co-ordinated explosions left at least four people dead and dozens more wounded.
BIRTHDAYS: George Soros, financier, 87; Michael Brunson, political broadcaster, 77; Mark Knopfler, Dire Straits singer/guitarist, 68; Tanita Tikaram, singer/songwriter, 48; Pete Sampras, tennis legend, 46; Casey Affleck, actor, 42; Djibril Cisse, footballer, 36; Mario Balotelli, footballer, 27.